China’s Chang’e – 4 Spacecraft Ready to Explore Dark Side of the Moon

Science

A Chinese spacecraft is getting ready to be the first to land on the far side of the Moon. China’s Chang’e 4 lunar lander will enter its planned orbit on Sunday. While orbiting it will get ready for the first-ever soft landing on Earth’s natural satellite. The news was reported by Xinhua news agency on Sunday, but it did not declare exact lading time of the probe. According to the South China Morning Post, Beijing did not publish any details regarding the landing. However, the mission plays an important role in the advancement of the country’s space program.

The probe began its scheduled elliptical lunar orbit, and it will be 15km near the surface. Although, the spacecraft is revolving around the moon since 12th December. The probe, lander, and rover were launched by a Long March-3B rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center. As reported by Xinhua, the spacecraft entered an elliptical orbit around the moon at 08:55 a.m. But it has taken a series of moves from past few weeks to get this correct path. The Chang’e-4 aims to work on astronomical observation, exploring the moon’s surface. It will also survey landform and mineral composition of the region.

Xinhua reported that the Chinese space agency would select a precise time to land the spacecraft on the far side of the moon. From Earth, we see only one face of the Moon, as it is orbiting at the same rate as our planet. So the another, unseen side of the moon is termed as the dark side. Humans do not yet explore it. Chang’e 4 aims to explore the one. If the mission gets successful, China will examine the formation and structure of an unexplored region of the moon. While China intends to overtake Russia and the United States and become a significant space power by 2030. It also seeks to initiate the construction of self-owned human-crewed space station in the upcoming year.

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