On Thursday, the Food and Drug Administration said certain antibiotics could cause severe damage to the heart. On one side of the coin, antibiotics are powerful and save many lives. But on another hand, the FDA now warns that the common category of antibiotics can cause an aortic aneurysm. It is an enlargement of the aorta and damage to the body’s main artery. Additionally, it may lead to internal bleeding which is a serious concern. FDA said that fluoroquinolone antibiotics are dangerous for the health, and recommend people not to take them.
However, fluoroquinolone antibiotics have been used for more than three decades to treat several bacterial infections. Doctors even recommend these medicines in case of urinary tract infections, respiratory infections, pneumonia, etc. Additionally, the antibiotics function by killing the growth of bacteria that can cause sickness. Although, if the infection left untreated may result in fatal health problems. But the FDA said the advantages of using fluoroquinolone antibiotics could not be greater than the risk. These antibiotics are present in the market under the tags of levofloxacin (Levaquin), norfloxacin (Noroxin), gemifloxacin (Factive), moxifloxacin (Avelox), ofloxacin (Floxin), and ciprofloxacin (Cipro).
According to the FDA, people with a history of blockage of the aorta or other blood vessels are at higher risk. The FDA explains that fluoroquinolone antibiotics can raise the occurrence of rare but severe tears in the aorta. These tears can indirectly result in death. They recommend avoiding the use of fluoroquinolone antibiotics unless there are other alternatives to the treatment. Doctors should avoid prescribing fluoroquinolone antibiotics to the people having hypertension or peripheral atherosclerotic vascular diseases. According to the FDA, high blood pressure is the origin of aortic disorders. People should be aware while consuming fluoroquinolones because early signs of an aortic disorder are invisible until it becomes severe.
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